How To Write Any Type Of Letter

All people should be able write letters. Letter writing is a useful skill, not only for communicating clearly, but also for making a good impression-especially a first impression.

Here are some guidelines for writing a letter that is appropriate for any type of correspondence. Below you will find helpful examples and tips on how to write a professional letter.

What letter type should you use?

There aren’t any hard and fast rules. Your audience will determine the best format for your letter. An informal or casual letter or message is best for friends or family members. This format can be used for many different letters. These are some examples:

– Handwritten letters
– Email letters
– Typed social networking messages

For business contacts, or for people you don’t really know, a formal letter can be written. If you are writing formal letters for professional reasons, the following is what you should do:

– Cover letters
– Intent letters
– Value proposition letters
– Letters of memorandum for business
– Promotion letters
– Reference letters
– Resignation letters
– Thank You Letters

These are just a few examples of letters you might need in casual or professional settings. Consider the type and format of your letter before you begin to write it. You’ll need to use a different format for each type of letter.

Formal Letter Writing: Block Style vs. AMS Style

Formal letters are important, such as cover letters, business inquires, and urgent notifications. Because formal letters are sometimes used for official purposes, they must be structured and formatted in a particular way. There are many different formats that can be used.

Block style is the most widely used format for formal letter writing. As you can see, the block style is the most common. All elements must be aligned at the left margin in block style. This includes paragraphs’ first lines, which do not use indentation.

AMS follows many the same rules that block style and is quite similar. However, there are some subtle differences which we will discuss in the following section.

How do you write a formal block-style letter?

Step 1: Enter your contact information and the date.
All formal letters begin with contact information and the date. This is in the upper-left corner of the block style.

First, you must type your full address and name on the left side of the envelope. This is more than a formality. It serves as a handy way for the recipient to find your contact information whenever they need it.

If the information is already included on an official company letterhead, then you don’t need rewrite it.

Next to your address, add the date and skip one line.

Last, skip a line and include the recipient’s full address and name. If the job title is relevant, please include it below the recipient’s name. Be sure to leave a blank area after your contact information.

Step 2: Type the salutation
For formal correspondence, a greeting should be placed at the start of each written piece. This is to indicate that you are about to send your message. This is called the salutation.

Salutations typically begin with “Dear” and end with the name of your recipient. Salutations are capitalized and end with an apostrophe.

You can use the job title, or the department name if you don’t know who the receiver is. The generic salutation “To whom it may concern” can be used in certain situations as an alternative. Avoid using the outdated “Dear Sir/Madam” salutation.

Step 3: Start to write the body
This is where your message will be written. You can use the standard rules of grammar to write the body of your letter. You must not indent paragraphs’ first lines in full block style.

Formal letters, unlike personal correspondence, are direct and straightforward. While some formal letters only require a few sentences, others may go on for several paragraphs if you have a lot to say. Keep your focus and stay on the topic at hand.

Even though communication standards vary between companies, it is a good idea to avoid casual phrasing or jokes.
Some even recommend against contractions. It’s obvious that you should not use contractions.

A closing paragraph is a great way to sum up everything that your letter covers. Before you send the letter, make sure to proofread and edit the body.

Step 4: Make a complimentary close
For formal letters, a standard complementary close or sign off is used, similar in style to the salutation. The authentic signature is then added.

“Sincerely,” one of the most used closers, can be used in a variety of ways. The sign-offs “Best” or “Yours” are also common. A closer uses sentence capitalization, which is different from salutations. The first letter of the complimentary close must be capitalized. Just like in the salutation, end your letter with a period.

If you’re writing a letter on paper, skip the first few lines. This is where your signature will be. Your name and job title should always be written below your signature. It doesn’t matter if you leave a blank line or not before you start typing your full name.

Step 5: Mention enclosed material
This step is only necessary if additional materials are being sent with the letter. This step is not necessary if you are sending the letter only.

After your name and optional job title, you can skip a few lines and write “Enclosure:”, followed by a listing of the materials. If you were attaching a resume, for example, you might write “Enclosure Resume”. This is only a precautionary measure to ensure the recipient doesn’t forget anything, and if necessary, they can verify that there was no shipping damage.

Formal letter example (block style)

Detective Inspector G. Lestrade

35 Victoria Embankment is the address.

London, England SW1A2JL, UK

On the first day of July in 1888

Sherlock Holmes

Two hundred twenty-one B Baker Street

London, England N1 6XE.

Dear Mr. Holmes,

Your presence at New Scotland Yard, on behalf of London’s police force, is requested immediately. Due to the sensitive nature of the case, we require your expertise. We would prefer to meet with you personally. Acceptable times are any time before the month’s end.


G. Lestrade

Detective Inspector who investigates cases

Enclosure: Visitor pass

How to write a formal AMS letter
AMS style is largely the same as block style. This means that it can be used regardless of what style you are using. Two key differences are present in AMS style.

– Be sure to include the sender’s complete address as well as the date. The date is directly below the address.
– Subject lines are always used in AMS style. The subject line should not exceed one line and must be written in all capitals. The subject line should be written in all caps, and it should not exceed one line.

Formal letter example (AMS style)

Detective Inspector G. Lestrade

35 Victoria Embankment, London

London, England SW1A2JL, UK

July first, eighteen eighty-eight


Dear Sherlock Holmes,

[. . .]

How can you write an informal email?

Informal letters are, as their name suggests, much more informal than formal letters. This means that informal letters don’t have as many guidelines or rules. It’s okay to leave blank spaces in the right spots.

There is still a format to be followed, and most people know it.

Step 1: Add the date to the top (optional).
A custom that dates letters is still used today stems back to when mail was the primary method of communication. It is no longer an essential part of writing, but many people still include it as a tradition. It’s optional in informal correspondence.

Step 2: Type the salutation
Informal letters should start with a greeting. It is common to write “Dear” with the person’s initials followed by their name.

Informal letters allow for more flexibility in the way you express your greetings. It’s not unusual to hear casual greetings such as “Hi [Name]” or “Hello (Name).

Similar to salutations in formal letter salutations, you usually end your greeting with the comma followed by a skip line.
Depending on the relationship between the sender and the sender, you may see people ending the salutation by adding an exclamation point.

Step 3: Start to write the body
The body of the letter contains your message. Informal letters are used to keep in touch with friends and share information. The tone of informal letters is conversational, so you can use slang or any language that you speak in person.

While informal letters allow for more tangents, excessively diverting from the topic can still be irritating. It is important to remain focused and not sound restrained in informal letters.

Step 4: Make a complimentary close
Formal letters use the same format but have a complementary close before the signature. If you are sending a paper letter, this means that you must use sentence capitalization.

You don’t have to use the standard sign-offs such as “Sincerely.” You can write a personal letter and use sentimental words depending on your relationship with the recipient.

Informal letter example

On the second of July, 1887.

What’s up, Lestrade! ?

It’s Sherlock! It’s Sherlock! It’s no problem, I’ll be there ASAP.


Sherlock “Best Detective Ever” Holmes

What’s PS?

PS stands to postscript. This is something that you add to a letter after it’s finished. It usually contains minor news or information you forgot to include in the body. Postscripts should not be used in formal letters.

Postscripts should be written with the letters “PS” followed by your message. It doesn’t really matter whether you use periods (“PS” or “P.S.”). Both letters are acceptable, but they should be capitalized.

You can add another P to each postscript if you have multiple ones. Your second postscript should have the label “PPS”. Your third postscript should read “PPPS.”

PS. Rob was hired by Great Company! Many thanks for your support throughout his unemployment.

PPS. I had to cancel my birthday party. However, we can still get together for drinks on that night if anyone wants to.

The package
The United States has a maximum weight limit for first-class mail: 3.5 ounces. To make sure your letter meets requirements, you need to weigh it. It is important to consider the size and shape your envelope. The envelope should be rectangular and not exceed 6 by 11 in.

Sending an email

Once you have determined the type of envelope you want, you can now mail it. You can also mail the letter yourself if it’s personal. If you are unsure, write the recipient’s name on an envelope. Hand delivery is a bonus! You can use any size and shape envelopes you like!

Write your name, address and mailing label in the top-left corner. Carefully write the address and name of the recipient in the middle. International letters must contain both the destination address and the return address, along with the state abbreviation.

There are many options for postage rates. For US destinations, check out the US Postal Service website to see current prices. For forever stamps, click here. The envelope’s top right corner is where the postage will be.

Double-check everything on the envelope. If your letter is not folded correctly, fold it and put it in a neatly. You should seal the letter only after you are certain that all pages have been included.

Tips for letter-writing

Not sure how to create a professional letter? These letter-writing tips can help make sure you communicate confidently.

– Sending pleasantries
Personal letters tend to be friendly, but formal correspondence can also benefit from polite mannerisms and pleasantries. A simple sentence like “How’s it going?” is enough. A simple phrase like “How are you?” or “I hope your well” can be used at the beginning of a correspondence to help establish a connection between the sender/recipient, even if it is business-related.

In informal and formal correspondences you can express sympathy, regrets or support. These pleasantries create a personal connection and separate your letters from machines.

Write for your readers
You should adapt your writing to your audience, just like with any other type of writing. Professionalism and professionalism are important when you write a formal correspondence to a business partner. When writing a personal note to an old friend, be friendly and let loose with jokes.

Sometimes, the lines blur. For example, a formal letter to work friends might be more casually written than a letter to distant relatives. To strike the right tone, remember who you are writing to. Keep it formal if you’ve never met your recipient.

– Provide all information
To ensure you are covering all the information, you can make a list of important points beforehand if you have lots to say. To ensure that nothing is missed, treat this as a mini outline.

This is particularly important when sending invitations or letters regarding the scheduling of events. Clearly state the important facts, such as where and how you are going to be there.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, it is evident that this topic is an important one to understand. It is essential to comprehend how to navigate the implications of this issue and to be aware of the potential solutions that can help to resolve it. With this in mind, it is clear that the final thoughts regarding this matter are essential to consider.
It’s nice to send a well-written letter. The best letter is one that’s well written. A well-written letter will make your message shine. Grammarly’s writing help catches spelling and grammar mistakes. Grammarly Premium also includes formatting guidance and suggestions that will help you create clear and easy-to-follow letters that keep your recipient’s interest. Grammarly allows you to send your letters confidently from anywhere you’re typing.


  • jessicawilson

    Jessica Wilson is a 33-year-old essay writer and blogger from the UK. She has been writing since she was a teenager and has always been interested in writing about personal experiences and thoughts. Jessica has written for a number of online magazines and websites and has also published a number of essays and short stories. Jessica currently works as a freelance writer.